Lindera benzoin (Spicebush)
Spicebush is a deciduous shrub with deep green leaves that turn yellow in the fall. Very small, pale yellow flowers appear early in the spring. They are followed by showy red fruit. The foliage is fragrant.
Spicebush prefers rich soils. It is adaptable and not particular about pH, as long as it is given adequate moisture. It does best as an understory plant. Its berries are valuable food source to migrating birds. Spicebush is also a host plant for swallowtail butterflies.
Spicebush is perfect as an understory shrub, in woodland gardens or naturalized areas.
AT A GLANCE
|Sun exposure||Part sun to shade|
|Mature height||6-12 ft
|Mature spread||8-10 ft
|Host plant||Spicebush Swallowtail, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail butterflies, Promethea Silkmoth|
|Present in state|
|Present in county and native|
|Native to North America, but adventive & escaped in state|
|Not present in state|
|Present and rare, native in county|
|Previously present, now extinct|
|Questionable presence (cross-hatched, regardless of color)|
Comment: Dormant. Small. Lightly rooted.