Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon Holly 'Pride of Houston')
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Yaupon Holly is an attractive Texas native evergreen shrub or small tree. Female plants produce red berries that are cherished by birds, and its dense branching and foliage provide nesting, resting, and hiding places for them. Yaupon is a versatile plant that tolerates drought and poor drainage, with the best production of red fruit when in full sun. Yaupon Holly can be grown as an understory tree, as it has more of an open-growth habit in the shade. It works well as a specimen tree or as an evergreen screen. Young leaves contain caffeine and may be used to make tea, while fruiting branches can be used as holiday decorations.
'Pride of Houston' is said to have a more upright growing habit with better branching and heavier berry production than the species.
AT A GLANCE
|Water use||Low to medium|
|Sun exposure||Sun to part shade|
|Mature height||12-20 ft|
|Attracts||Butterflies, bees, birds|
|Host plant||Henry's elfin butterfly|
|Notes||Leave contain caffeine and can be used to brew tea.|
|Present in state|
|Present in county and native|
|Native to North America, but adventive & escaped in state|
|Not present in state|
|Present and rare, native in county|
|Previously present, now extinct|
|Questionable presence (cross-hatched, regardless of color)|